Movement disorders are neurological conditions that cause impaired movement including the speed, fluency, quality, and ease of movement. Nerve diseases like Parkinson’s disease may cause movement disorders. Other causes include injuries or autoimmune diseases.
- Abnormal fluency and speed of voluntary movement (dyskinesia).
- Excessive or involuntary movement (hyperkinesia)
- Slowed or absent voluntary movement (hypokinesia).
Treatments may include medications, botulinum toxin injection therapy (BOTOX therapy), or surgery. Surgeries include Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), where a neurostimulator is used to deliver electrical stimulation to areas of the brain that control movement, and ablative surgery, where clear, defined areas of the brain causing abnormal movement are targeted and destroyed.