What are lumbar traumatic fractures?
Lumbar traumatic fractures are injuries to the lumbar spine, usually fractures or dislocations that cause instability to the spinal column. Trauma refers to injury that occurs to the bony elements, soft tissues, and/or other neurological structures. This can happen on any level of the spinal cord, but is most commonly associated with the lower back.
Symptoms of lumbar fractures include severe low back pain which may radiate into the lower extremities, accompanied with numbness and weakness. In severe cases, loss of bowel and bladder function may occur.
What are my treatment options?
Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment options may vary. In less severe cases, physical therapy and occupational therapy can be done to help strengthen the spinal column. Stretching and exercise help alleviate pain, decrease swelling, and promote healing.
In more severe cases, surgical intervention may be required. There are different types of surgical options to help stabilize the spinal column and prevent further neurological injury. These surgeries include: anterior fusion, posterior fusion, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).