Overview: Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that affects the trigeminal nerve. This nerve carries sensation from your face to your brain and can be activated by simple daily tasks such as brushing your teeth. This condition can get progressively worse.
-Occasional twinges of mild pain
-Episodes of severe, shooting or jabbing pain that may feel like an electric shock
-Spontaneous attacks of pain or attacks triggered by things such as touching the face, chewing, speaking and brushing teeth
-Bouts of pain lasting from a few seconds to several seconds
-Episodes of several attacks lasting days, weeks, months or longer — some people have periods when they experience no pain
-Pain in areas supplied by the trigeminal nerve, including the cheek, jaw, teeth, gums, lips, or less often the eye and forehead
-Pain affecting one side of your face at a time
-Pain focused in one spot or spread in a wider pattern
-Attacks becoming more frequent and intense over time
Treatments: Pain can be regulated with the use of medications, injections, and surgery. If conservative therapies fail, the surgeons at Colorado Brain and Spine may utilize microsurgical techniques to decompress the facial nerve. Our surgeons may also offer balloon compression, Rhizotomy, or Gamma Knife radiosurgery. Definitive treatment options often lead to improved pain and quality of life.